Surgery for Hemorrhoids

A surgery for hemorrhoids is needed only if the case is critical. Usually it can be treated with the help of medicines. In most of the cases, hemorrhoids get normal without any medication. For a surgery there are few things you should know. 

There are two types of hemorrhoids and they decide what kind of surgery has to be done on the patient. 

 
Internal Hemorrhoids
  • These are located inside the anus and hemorrhoidectomy is the last option for large hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoidectomy is the process of removing a hemorrhoid surgically.
External Hemorrhoids
  • These are located outside the anus and surgery is not usually needed unless it is a serious issue.
Types of Surgeries
 
Hemorrhoidectomy
 
In this procedure, incisions are made around anus and the hemorrhoid is removed. The patient is operated after giving local or general anesthesia, as per the requirement. Hemorrhoidectomy is an outpatient procedure where the operation is not done inside the body of the patient. It cures the hemorrhoid effectively but the procedure has short comings too. The operated part swells up and bleeds with an itching sensation around the region.
 
Surgery for Hemorrhoids
 
Procedure for Prolapse and Hemorrhoids (PPH) 
 
This procedure is followed when the hemorrhoid, due to pressure, comes out of the anus. Minimum intrusion is made into the body in this surgery. A stapler like thing is used to re-position the hemorrhoid and cut off the blood supply to it. It is the fastest recovery procedure with fewer complications associated with it. 
 
Laser therapy
 
A thin laser beam is used to burn away the hemorrhoid. The main problem with this kind of surgery is the cost and its availability in remote areas. The surgery, however, is painless and causes minimal bleeding.
 
Sclerotherapy
 
In this procedure, instead of taking medicine orally, the medicine is injected in the anus. The medicine can cause allergy in some cases but in most of the cases, it proves to be effective.
 
Ligation
 
A rubber is used to tie the base of the hemorrhoid so that it receives no blood from the body. In the lack of blood, the hemorrhoid shrinks and gets destroyed. 

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